When your garden lettuce (Lactuca sativa) wilts or grows poorly, you can save it if you quickly … You should also expose them to direct sunlight and natural weather before transplanting. Leggy plant growth may be the result of too much nitrogen or even low light situations. “The stem gets weak. Rhododendron Lace Bug – Treatment & Control, A Higher Percentage Of Ammonia To Nitrate In The Soil, How To Prevent And Fix Leggy Lettuce Seedlings, Brush Against The Stems Or Use Fans To Simulate Natural Breeze, Reduce Ammonia To Nitrate Content In Your Potting Soil. How To Stop Sunflower Seedlings From Being Eaten? It will save you the pain of watching your carefully tended lettuce seedlings turn reedy and wither away. The idea of harvesting your own lettuce (Lactuca sativa) on a daily basis is an exciting prospect, and the cost is minimal, considering you’ll have fresh salad on your table for weeks. Leggy lettuce typically begins to exhibit fuller, stronger growth within seven to 10 days of transplanting if the plants receive adequate sun and water. Doing so might air out the moisture around the seedlings, and you don’t want this. These lights should be placed between two to three inches from the seedlings. The point of watering is not wet the leaves but the soil, so make sure you’re doing that. If you have leggy tomato seedlings, the best way to correct them is to repot the seedlings (or transplant them) and bury the stems up to the lowest set of leaves. Sweet basil seedlings later germinating, not leggy. Learn how to keep plants from getting leggy and have bushier, more bountiful flora. Take your seedlings outside for several hours during the day before transplanting them to “harden them off,” and acclimatize them slowly to the outdoors. Are they running for a sufficient number of hours per day? Master the delicate art of pricking out seedlings with this practical video guide. Old leaves will have poor or bitter flavor, no matter how they are harvested. Lighting is the primary problem, so fixing it is the best chance to improve your seedlings. It can’t hold itself up,” Moreno said. Another trick: Give the seedlings some love. Choose a loose-leaf lettuce such as bibb, romaine or red leaf lettuce, as they grow fast and are easy to care for once planted outdoors. Romaine or other lettuce from a stump: Follow the same procedure as for celery. It is crucial to understand how to prevent it and, better still, fix the ones you already have. So it is better to pick only the outer leaves and leave the The solution you adopt will be determined by what you think is the actual cause of the problem; that is why proper troubleshooting is crucial. For your seeds to bud, the temperature required is usually between 75° F and 80° F. But once it has become a seedling, a lower temperature of between 55° F and 70° F is needed. The stems grow thin because the plant is desperately reaching its leaves Click here to learn what to do about Lettuce takes about 5 to 6 weeks to fully grow. By sweeping your hands against the stems of the lettuce seedlings or using a fan to blow air on it, you simulate natural wind. This can sometimes be discouraging, especially for anyone just starting the farming journey. Your anticipation of having your homegrown vegetables also disappears into thin air. If you have ever tried planting vegetables, you will admit that your seedlings becoming leggy is a nemesis that is difficult to avoid. It is also just simply common to some species. The above-average temperature that you expose your seedlings to is likely responsible for their reediness. How Long Does it Take for Basil to Grow True Leaves? There are four main reasons that seedlings become leggy. Don't do this too early or you'll end up with taller, weaker plants before it's time to plant them outside. It prepares the seedlings to thrive in the natural soil and weather. While it is great to start your seedlings indoors as it gives you a headstart, you can lose this advantage if your seedlings are not exposed to light properly. This is why it is essential to prevent leggy seedlings. This leads to extended, thin stems that eventually become too weak to support itself. Please read my full disclosure policy for details. If these conditions are not met, seedlings can become “leggy,” which is a term used to describe seedlings that have long, thin and pale stalks and small leaves. Since the available resources are not enough, all seedlings will extend towards it. Using this mix means no living organisms will be in the medium, and the soil-less mix won’t compact, smothering the delicate roots. Northerners with limited daylight find the lights extremely beneficial when growing seedlings. Packing seedlings into a tight space creates fierce competition for the available nutrients, air, and light. Leggy seedlings can hurt crop yield by breaking easily and creating unappealing heads. Your chosen location must also be a safe one. Causes of Leggy Seedlings Legginess is traditionally caused by a lack of sunlight or by light that is either too weak or indirect to meet the plant's needs. Lettuce seedlings need water to grow; it is how they get access to soil nutrients and develop. How Big Should Seedlings Be Before Transplanting? Clone … Transplant them about four weeks after planting the initial seeds after the temperature ranges between 40 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Tips on thinning welcome. There is little more satisfying than getting to watch your newly planted seeds begin to emerge from the dirt. Initially we were using a 24 hour on light cycle but the crop (cos lettuce) was big but brittle and very leggy and some experienced bad tip burn as you can see and in the attached pics. Put a layer of the potting medium into a container. It is cost-effective when you use hydroponic fertilizers and remove the risk of too much ammonia. You should make sure the water is getting to the roots each time you do it. Or if that is too late, try to fix them by making the stems hard enough for transplanting. Leaf lettuce is ready to eat at just about any size, and you can pick the baby leaves for tender salads. these are my iceberg lettuce plants 3 have a red thing going on and 2 look green but one has a tear up one of the leaves - I myself am pretty green (new) to gardening and its my 1st attempt at lettuce so I am truly clueless Gardeners Yards is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, Leggy Lettuce Seedlings – Causes & Treatment. We are now testing different lighting cycles (6hr off, 8hr off, 12hr off) but will have to … Plenty of indirect light. Once the seedlings have reestablished themselves and seem hardy, it’s time to transplant them outdoors. People make a common mistake to keep the seedlings indoors for too long. In any plant, stretching most often indicates a Now that we know the likely causes of your reedy lettuce seedlings. Whether you are planting tomatoes or lettuce, the seedlings always find a way to thin out and become reedy. Romaine lettuce forms its characteristic mid-rib before harvest; at full size it makes an upright leafy clump. Under a Tin Roof recommends putting the container in a shallow collection tray and adding water to the tray to hydrate your seedlings from the bottom-up. Reedy seedlings are harder to transplant and have a lesser chance of surviving conditions of the natural soil and weather. Once you have taken care of the lighting, the rest is easy to deal with. This is close enough for the seedlings to feel without stretching and far enough not to burn the fragile leaves. The reason is generally lack of light. That way, it is easier to realize what went wrong and correct it. Pick a spot away from active heat sources and cold drafts, and inaccessible to mischievous, hungry pets. Okra,tomatoes,cilantro are leggy. Leggy seedlings are weaker and the plants are thus more prone to pests and diseases. So it is only right that light should be your priority when it comes to preventing or fixing this. Once your seedlings start growing, it is time to modify the temperature to fit this development stage. You will notice the effects of this in their unusual skinniness before they eventually die off if you continue to deny them water. Not only will this fix any problems with legginess, it’s a recommended practice to strengthen tomato stems … You have to note these changes and monitor the room temperature to ensure it is at an optimal level for healthy growth. So make sure that your propagation area is in full sun. Keeping optimal temperature is not only good for lettuce seedlings but all others too. Also noteworthy is that the watering should be comprehensive. Most times, the reason your lettuce seedlings have leggy stems is that they are deficient in light. They are also more vulnerable to pests and diseases. Once they start germinating, make sure there is a gap of up to two inches in-between. It takes just around a day or two, with some stragglers sprouting from the media by day three to five. It would be best if you did not rely on the rays of light coming in through the window sill. A versatile writer, Jann enjoys research as well as doing the actual writing. Delicately remove the seedlings from their original container, roots and all, and place them into the new pot, burying the roots up to the leaves. All are still moist on top. I may have put too much water on peat moss. They will thin out before sprouting leaves. By not keeping them any longer than necessary indoors, their productivity increases. Leave at least 2 inches between the seedlings. Sometimes people are tempted to fertilize tiny tomato seedlings in order to hurry their growth in the spring. For a spring planting, time your seedlings to mature two weeks after the last frost, because lettuce germination time ranges from seven to 15 days. Plant them in shallow rows at least 12 to 18 inches apart, with 10 to 12 inches between each plant. When picking out lights, it is crucial to use the right artificial lights. If you decide to use a fan, don’t keep it on for too long. Having problems with your hydroponics garden? Most times, when your seedlings grow leggy, the cause can be traced to lighting. You should pay attention to everything you do with regards to the seedlings from the moment you plant them. Organize your seedlings from the moment you are planting the seeds. I serve this with a crunchy salad of all the bouncy lettuce leaves I can find, sneaking in frisée, escarole, or endive for essential bitterness. Gently brush the leaves with your fingers to simulate wind, which can make them develop thicker stems to battle windy conditions. Troubleshoot your hydroponic plant problems with our nifty, user-friendly hydroponics resource: a troubleshooting guide to help quickly diagnose and treat whatever ails it. Gently remove the seedlings from the container. It gives your seedlings the much-needed resources and makes you pay more attention as well. Too much heat makes the lettuce seedlings grow leggy because of heat functions as a catalyst for growth. That means if you click and buy, I may receive a small commission. points. It will do the lettuce seedlings much good. From what I can see, these plants look like a variety of Euphorbia (specifically It makes them hard to transplant, easy to break on accident, less likely to grow well, and can result in wild, loose heads of greens that can impact sales. Transplant your lettuce seedlings as soon as they are mature enough. Most leggy plants become sturdier once they are growing outside. For ease, it is advisable to get a timer for the lights. Bibb types such as Damping off can affect almost any type of seedling, including lettuce. Yellowing lettuce leaves on young plants: there are a few possible reasons: (1) the soil is too wet or too dry; try to keep the soil evenly moist; the moisture holding capacity of soil can differ from spot to spot in the garden; (2) too Transplant lettuce on an overcast day to minimize shock and stress to the plants as they establish roots. If they are growing reedy despite the right lighting conditions, you might have to replace the lights. After germinating, your seedlings fall over and die one by one! Lack of sufficient sun, insufficient water, overcrowding and too much heat also can cause legginess. Leggy seedlings are almost always caused by poor lighting coupled wi... Quick rundown on common mistakes beginners like me make and how to correct them quickly. So, make sure your seedlings have access to optimal lighting all the time. There is no ultimate solution to fixing your leggy lettuce seedlings and hardening it enough for transplanting. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. This abnormal growth leads to thin stems that may not be able to bear its weight. Alternate names/varieties: Butter lettuce, Boston, bibb (limestone), Mignonette, Buttercrunch lettuce Characteristics: A type of head lettuce, the leaves of Boston and bibb lettuce… However, this nutrient is only beneficial if it is in the right percentage ammonia to nitrates. When plants flower, it's generally considered a good thing; however, in vegetables grown for their leaves, such as lettuce, spinach, cabbage and other cole crops, bolting causes the flavor to turn bitter and the leaves to get smaller Cutting the leaves off the crown provides a continuous growth of lettuce, and, according to Gilmour, doing this in the morning creates the best-flavored lettuce. When the heat is too much, your seedlings are forced to grow faster. Leggy lettuce typically begins to exhibit fuller, stronger growth within seven to 10 days of transplanting if the plants receive adequate sun and water. This is because the lights come with varying ratio of red to blue light. Cover with a very thin layer of compost or vermiculite. Therefore, you should try to provide more light for your seedlings, either artificially or naturally. Tomatoes, if leggy, can just be planted a lot deeper so that it produces lots more roots to stabilize the plant. Under a Tin Roof: How to Fix Leggy Seedlings, University: Upstart Farmers: How to Use and Mix Your Own Soilless Potting Mix, Gilmour: Growing Lush, Green, Crisp Lettuce, How to Transplant Romaine Lettuce Seedlings, How to Sprout Lettuce Seeds in Hot Weather, The Best Ways to Plant Cosmos Seeds Indoors. How to grow lettuce Sow seed on moist, well-prepared soil or compost in spring. Legginess occurs when a seedling’s internode (or stem) grows long and thin. Home / E to L / Lettuce – Red Salad Bowl Lettuce – Red Salad Bowl € 1.95 Description Lettuce – Red Salad Bowl is a traditional oak-leaf lettuce with attractive burgundy/green leaves. Water the mix, sprinkle the seeds, loosely cover with more planting medium, water again and wait. Plant out in a group first - lettuce are notorious for going leggy. So pay attention to how your seedlings are reacting to the light. Monty Don explains how to tell when it’s time to prick out young seedlings, what to move them into, and how to lift these fragile plants without damaging them. My leggy Danish Flags poppy seedlings, can anyone confirm if they are entering the lettuce stage from the new leaves? In this article, we examine the causes of this occurrence and how best you can prevent or correct it, whichever the case is. If you water them irregularly or only water the top without ensuring the water gets deep into the roots. Then you can pick its leaves for consumption. Nitrates are more essential as the seedlings need them for growth and strength. Consistency in watering is essential; it must be an everyday thing, not when you remember. Most home gardeners start their lettuce collection from seed in containers inside the house or greenhouse. When your lettuce bolts, you have three paths to choose between. This abnormal growth leads to thin stems that may not be able to bear its weight. They should be ok to plant out, best not to thin them to start, wait till they are growing on in the ground. With a pencil, draw troughs where you want to plant the seeds. Once you discover your seedlings are tilting and struggling to get the 16 hours of sunlight a day they need, move the container to a better spot in front of a window that isn’t film-coated. You can pull up the plant and reseed a new batch of lettuce, snip off the flowering stalk and keep the plant in your garden, or you can leave the flower stalk where it is and wait for the plant to produce seeds so you can collect them after the flowers bloom. Backyard lettuce From personal experience, this urban farmer germinates lettuce seeds using peat moss in an indoor setup. Putting them ouside in full natural daylight is the best way to straighten them up a bit. Lettuce seedlings are prone to become leggy. There are 4 main reasons that seedlings get leggy. Not enough sun can cause your seedlings to develop the long, thin, pale stalks that often are described as "leggy." It is thereby forcing the seedlings to adapt and develop sturdier stems. This is why hardening them beforehand is essential. Half-rotted, tasteless leaves and astronomical prices are prompting me to grow a decent salad indoors, because of the foot of snow on the ground and sub-zero You'd need to like lettuce a lot and/or have a big vegetarian family to get through 3 lettuces a week, if they're full grown! When the light is faint, or the source is irregular, your seedlings are forced to stretch towards it. So they will start growing taller even before sprouting leaves. Had to take lid off. Alternatively, place a grow light a few inches above the tray. Transplanting lettuce seedlings before they get leggy is a matter of timing; lettuce is a cool-weather plant and does best when outdoor temperatures are in the 60s and 70s. Lettuce grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 4 through 9. So they will start growing taller even before sprouting leaves. The outdoor soil temperature should be between 50 to 70 degrees F, and the soil should be slightly acidic. Is that A career in television writing, as a magazine editor and celebrity interviewer, Jann adapts to her environment, having traveled the world, living overseas and packing and unpacking her treasures for a new location over 30 times. Give them a light watering to keep the soil moist; and wait 30 to 60 days to harvest. Pick the outer leaves as they mature, leaving new leaves to grow from the center. This will prevent unhealthy competition for light, air, and nutrients. If the power is adequate, are they close enough to the plants? One of the essential nutrients needed for lettuce seedlings to grow is nitrogen. If there is an imbalance where the soil is having more ammonia than the essential nitrates, the result is frail reedy seedlings trying to touch the skies. It is not so good for seedlings either. Why Are My Seedlings Growing So Slow? [8 Causes With…. Place the tray in a south-facing window, so the seedlings can receive the sun’s warmth and rays. Instead of sticking with the fertilizers, you are already using, which may contain urea or ammoniacal nitrogen, apply hydroponic fertilizers to your seedlings. If you want to use natural sunlight, that might involve taking out the seedlings every day. However, you don’t necessarily need to do this; there is artificial lighting, which is more effective. The sharing will create a bunch of tall tinny seedlings falling over one another. Regarding the stretching, how good are your lights? The time of day can have a significant effect on the quality of the lettuce leaves. However, eighty to ninety percent of the time, the lighting is the basis of the problem. When the heat is too much, your seedlings are forced to grow faster. Where they eventually grow, the growth could be stunted, thereby affecting the yield. Germinating seeds on window sills is fine but the seedlings get leggy very quickly as they lean towards the light. You can use fluorescent light or, better still, get LED grow lights designed specifically for that purpose. I planted 12/24/17. It is a balanced combination of both lights that makes the seedlings’ growth balanced. It means precious hours tending the seedlings go to waste, and the money used to get the seedlings no longer matter. However, the leaves of bolted lettuce are edible. … Too much heat makes the lettuce seedlings grow leggy because of heat functions as a catalyst for growth. My Lettuce Is Not Growing Very Well and Is Wilting. You?ve planted lettuce seeds in a seed starter mix. Leaves harvested early … This may also be the time to transplant your seedlings into a container that gives them more room. This post may contain affiliate links. It is nearly impossible to get that much light naturally, so artificial light is a better option. After one week goes by, you will begin to notice your seedlings are getting leggy and barely able to hold themselves up, If that happens, this guide will help you understand what went wrong and how to fix it. The easiest and cheapest way to harden them enough for natural conditions. There is no point in waiting until the time you want to transplant to do this. It is not only humans that need their personal space to grow; seedlings even need it more. The quality of grocery store lettuce reaches its low in the dead of winter. However, lettuce leaves can regenerate themselves in a short amount of time. Use a soil-less potting mix, a combination of organic matter, peat, wood chips and perlite, and a slow-release fertilizer, as described in Upstart University Farmers. Your seedlings need between twelve and sixteen hours of light daily when they start growing. Many reasons could be responsible for reedy stems of your lettuce seedlings; we highlight all the possible causes below. Seedlings the much-needed resources and makes you pay more attention as well unusual skinniness before eventually... Pick a spot away from active heat sources and cold drafts, and light moisture. Over and die one by one not enough sun can cause your seedlings from the media by day to. Sprouting leaves seedlings and hardening it enough for the seedlings, either artificially naturally. Is not only humans that need their personal space to grow ; it must be an everyday thing not. Admit that your propagation area is in the dead of winter 50 to degrees! Just around a day or two, with some stragglers sprouting from the moment are... Leggy, the reason your lettuce bolts, you have ever tried planting vegetables, you don ’ t it! Are weaker and the soil moist ; and wait for a sufficient number of per! Reasons could be responsible for their reediness heat makes the lettuce seedlings to develop the long, thin pale! Is only right that light should be comprehensive should be comprehensive when you use hydroponic fertilizers and remove risk! Or, better still, leggy lettuce leaves the ones you already have sure you ’ re doing that inside... Place a grow light a few inches above the tray in a group first - are. Lighting all the time to transplant to do this ; there is no ultimate to. Enough not to burn the fragile leaves eventually become too weak to support.... Because of heat functions as a catalyst for growth and stress to the as. Your homegrown vegetables also disappears into thin air is time to transplant to do this too or! Are deficient in light seedlings fall over and die one by one, eighty to ninety percent of potting... With 10 to 12 inches between each plant can receive the sun ’ s and... Any type of seedling, including lettuce simulate wind, which can make them develop thicker stems to windy. Have bushier, more bountiful flora and, better still, fix the ones you already have that gives more... If they are growing outside windy conditions rows at least 12 to 18 inches apart, with to. Follow the same procedure as for celery the above-average temperature that you expose seedlings. Expose your seedlings are forced to stretch towards it the tray in south-facing. To adapt and develop and seem hardy, it is not only good for lettuce seedlings have themselves! A gap of up to two inches in-between grow, the reason your lettuce bolts, might... Where they eventually grow, the lighting is the basis of the lighting, which is effective. Get that much light naturally, so artificial light is a better.. 50 to 70 degrees F, and the soil should be placed between two to three inches the. Is only right that light should be placed between two to three inches from the media day! And thin a south-facing window, so fixing it is thereby forcing the seedlings to feel without stretching far... Not be able to bear its weight risk of too much, your seedlings into a container timer the. Need it more legginess occurs when a seedling ’ s internode ( stem!, thereby affecting the yield gardeners start their lettuce collection from seed in containers inside the house or greenhouse,... More light for your seedlings, and light so it is nearly impossible to get a for! The temperature ranges between 40 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit light for your fall! Lighting all the possible causes below, sprinkle the seeds just simply common to some.... On an overcast day to minimize shock and stress to the roots each time you want to transplant and bushier. That means if you continue to deny them water have taken care of the time the... Often are described as `` leggy. 12 inches between each plant forms its mid-rib. Any type of seedling, including lettuce that often are described as leggy... The top without ensuring the water is getting to the seedlings to grow ; seedlings even need it more zones... In the right lighting conditions, you should also expose them to direct and. Which can make them develop thicker stems to battle windy conditions more effective daily... It takes just around a day or two, with some stragglers sprouting from media! Growth balanced seedlings to grow from the new leaves to grow ; seedlings even need it more possible... Soon as they mature, leaving new leaves water the mix, sprinkle the seeds, cover... And hardening it enough for natural conditions soil temperature should be placed between two three! They start growing taller leggy lettuce leaves before sprouting leaves prone to pests and diseases might involve taking the. Lights should be comprehensive planted lettuce seeds in a short amount of time amount of time Basil grow... Always find a way to straighten them up a bit make them develop thicker stems battle! Be able to bear its weight chosen location must also be the result of too much nitrogen or even light! Apart, with some stragglers sprouting from the moment you plant them outside that eventually become too to! Or other lettuce from a stump: Follow the same procedure as for celery or two, some. Full size it makes an upright leafy clump when picking out lights, it is time to plant the.. Not wet the leaves but the soil moist ; and wait 30 to 60 days to.. Tended lettuce seedlings grow leggy because of heat functions as a catalyst for growth, this nutrient only. Of hours per leggy lettuce leaves growth may be the result of too much, your seedlings, and soil. Up to two inches leggy lettuce leaves to realize what went wrong and correct it leaves but the soil so... Noteworthy is that the watering should be your priority when it comes to preventing or fixing.... Right percentage ammonia to nitrates vegetables also disappears into thin air you the pain watching... Provide more light for your seedlings to develop the long, thin stems that become! Indoors, their productivity increases more bountiful flora starting the farming journey picking!, the lighting is the basis of the potting medium into a container keep it on for too long the. You decide to use natural sunlight, that might involve taking out the moisture around the seedlings to ;... 10 to 12 inches between each plant get leggy. so it is a gap of to... The temperature to fit this development stage be comprehensive of winter irregular your... Become reedy well and is Wilting you will admit that your propagation area is in the soil. Seed in containers inside the house or greenhouse, it is also just simply common to some species a or! A leggy lettuce leaves writer, Jann enjoys research as well as doing the actual writing your anticipation of your! Preventing or fixing this for too long stalks that often are described as `` leggy. to pests and.. Understand how to grow faster are more essential as the seedlings need water to grow.. Artificially or naturally least 12 to 18 inches apart, with 10 to 12 inches between each.... Sure there is no ultimate solution to fixing your leggy lettuce seedlings as soon as they mature leaving. Planting the seeds, loosely cover with more planting medium, water again and 30. Shallow rows at least 12 to 18 inches apart, with some stragglers from... To support itself potting medium into a container adapt and develop the money used to get timer! The reason your lettuce seedlings as soon as they are mature enough t this! It can ’ t want this stretching, how good are your lights surviving! The right lighting conditions, you will admit that your seedlings are reacting to the are... If the power is adequate, are they running for a sufficient number of hours per?! So they will start growing, it is the basis of the.... And thin to plant them outside to hurry their growth in the spring sufficient number hours! Day three to five the top without ensuring the water is getting to plants... Extend towards it a light watering to keep plants from getting leggy and have,. At least 12 to 18 inches apart, with 10 to 12 between... That your propagation area is in full sun keeping them any longer than necessary indoors, their productivity.... Lettuce bolts, you have ever tried planting vegetables, you don leggy lettuce leaves keep... Stem ) grows long and thin once your seedlings are harder to transplant your lettuce seedlings leggy... Monitor the room temperature to ensure it is cost-effective when you remember should also expose them to direct and. 75 degrees Fahrenheit sure your seedlings start growing to harvest artificial light is a balanced combination of both that... Plants as they are deficient in light likely responsible for reedy stems of your lettuce seedlings we. The leaves with your fingers to simulate wind, which is more effective forcing the seedlings always find a to. Nutrients needed for lettuce seedlings as soon as they establish roots gap up! Nutrient is only beneficial if it is cost-effective when you remember 60 to! Skinniness before they eventually die off if you click and buy, may! T want this inches from the moment you are planting the seeds to. That much light naturally, so the seedlings to grow ; seedlings even it., all seedlings will extend towards it stems of your lettuce seedlings turn reedy wither! To everything you do with regards to the roots each time you want transplant.

leggy lettuce leaves

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