Cocoon crop performance through seasonal rearings of Antheraea Mylitta Drury larva on three primary foodplants Asan (Terminalia tomentosa W. & A. It is located 17 KM towards South from District head quarters Ambikapur. The first crop total protein content in the haemolymph of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury outdoor rearing of 2008 were 4.74 … Drury. Maharashtra is working with integrated efforts for wild silk production and promotion, in general and Vidarbha in particular. However, very little is known about the rearing technique of this important species except the work of Kavane & Sathe (2011). Himalayan Ecosystem. Previously, it has been proved that the T. tomentosa plant was highly preferred by A. mylitta in open environment for rearing, ... sections of the society are well acquainted with tasar and mulberry silk production (Sathe and Jadhav, 2000, Jadhav et al., 2013, ... Mulberry silk share is 74.51% (21,390 MT), Tasar 8.48% (2,434 MT), Eri 16.46% (4,726 MT) and Muga 0.55% (158 MT) (CSB, 2015). Cocoon weight, shell weight, shell length, shell width and shell thickness were 9.4 g, 1.82 g, 4.4 cm, 1.4 cm and 0.21 mm respectively, while shell ratio calculated was 19.32%. Its conservation and exploitation in silk production is essential component of wild silk technology development in India. Cocoons were formed within 35-43 days. Parbhani, Nagpur and Bhandara with percent mortalities 62%, 36%, 55%, 20%, 12%, 10%, 02% and 22% respectively in silkworms. Uzi fly was more prevalent in the districts connected to Andhra pradesh and Karnataka namely, and 22% respectively in silkworms. Introduction The tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta Drury is a species widely distributed in India between the range of 160-240 N latitude and 800-880 E from West Bengal in the East to Karnataka in the South with its natural inhabitation in the forest areas of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya France and Queen Sirikit Dept. An experimental rearing of Antheraea mylitta Drury was carried out in the rearing fields at Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Mayurbhanj, Odisha, India, during the rainy season under somewhat natural conditions on live host plants. Tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D is a polyphagous insect which are reared outdoors. on 21 st -22 nd April, Deharadun, 54-58. Food and R.N.Mishra, P.N. pp.271-283. Geographical distribution of wild silkmoths was also studied based on the climatic regions. of Sericulture,Thailand, Present study was undertaken to know diversity, distribution and wild silkmoth population in Maharashtra. 2003. It has durable silk. tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta drury (lepidoptera - saturniidae) Kavane R.P ABSTRACT An attempt was made to rear the tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury on the leaves of Syzygium cumini (jamun) for the first time in India and reared under indoor rearing condition. 2011. The performances of Daba–blue in respect of rearing performances have been found evidently better than the Daba–yellow and Daba–almond. This is similar to other eggs of the mylitta/frithi-group of Antheraea (Antheraea) (systematics following Nässig 1991), but can also be observed in Antheraea (Telea). the incidence and economic damage to silkworms by Uzi fly much higher in western Maharashtra than Marathwada and Vidarbha. ), Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) N.B. Female Population is 48.9%. Recently, wild silk has got great importance in many fields including medical. 2011. For seed (egg) production, the diapausing seed cocoons are preserved in the grainage houses till the completion of diapausing period. populations of tropical tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D on Grainage and silkworm rearing traits G. Lokesh, A. K Srivastava, P. K. Kar and M. K. Sinha Silkworm Breeding & Genetics, Central Tasar Research & Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Ranchi, 835303, India . After the commercial crop rearing, it undergoes pupal diapause to avoid unfavourable environmental conditions. It is a first report that highlights the parasitic behaviour of X. pedator on the commercially important silkworm, A. mylitta.. 2003. Each of these grainage houses and the space beside these grainage houses that is natural condition were provided with the instruments to record the temperature and relative humidity. Antheraea mylitta Drury is a commercial silk producing forest insect in India and Xanthopimpla pedator Fabricius is its larval-pupal endoparasitoid, which causes pupal mortality that affects seed production. Fig 2: Collection of Antheraea mylitta Drury, Daba TV cocoons at A Mahadevpur, Telangana and B. Bhandara (Maharastra). Sericulture is agro based industry. factors on the indoor rearing performances of tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D. The Ecoscan. In Maharashtra, mulberry sericulture is spread in 26 districts out of which E. bombycis was distributed in 09 districts. 10. 22 nd Congress of International Sericulture Commission Present study was undertaken to know diversity, distribution and wild silkmoth population in Maharashtra. Silk moths were collected by using light traps from 10 sites located in six districts of Maharashtra with gradually changing climatic condition. Culture of vanya silk vis-vis forestry with relevance to North Western. Performance on Ber was higher than Sal and other secondary foodplants, a situation not heretofore documented. As there is a need to evolve a new method of rearing to stabilize tasar production, consistent efforts are being made towards” indoor rearing”, from first instar to spinning. X9ÖTó€÷¦„ý~Ï!bPNÄ9ÓæÃ(/¶K§ËѦ2ˆvÇÐ0€§1ÔHGÉd £Q^x~ÿÖ»Q£Šª*žök’ðïr&ÔA¨!—ž i‡ðüãõ+$ À2!ÀИxeöúÕÿ|ç­&5ihÛ¶ð’JÞæÕoG,îõº³D÷®~Er¿ûîG/´$ýíL¬”Ò/’X‚j0íé4Wzs zõ>«RƼokÀAWÀ¡zRG(ª:Ž œwOécÆÄ ~õ÷tõèùÙêò¿of¾ó¾GaLº:¨õÔMõtÙôÔ¨ c"ÚÆJìÅ (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). 2013; (4):255-260. The mated females laid 147 eggs and produced 22 offspring’s with an average sex ratio (m: f) 1: 0.75. Rearing Of Tasar Silkworm The rearing of the tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Andhra local, Bhandara, Daba TV/BV, Sukinda) ecoraces were reared on the Terminalia plantation raised at Kakatiya The traditional rearing of Antheraea mylitta D., tasar silkworm on forest grown trees resulted in 80-90% crop loss due to pests, predators, natural calamities and diseases (Hari and Seth, 1999). Additional key words: seasonal variation, Nosema, pathogen, Bombyx mori. Further, zonal differences influence the relative performances of mutant strains of Antheraea mylitta D in respect of productivity and quality of tasar cocoons. Proceedings of the Mendel, 1990, 57-60. Strategies for afforestation with primary Antheraea mylitta D. is a semi-domesticated silkworm being reared outdoor. Cluster analysis also indicated relatedness between the population structures of sites in the Kolhapur district with higher species richness. Attacus atlas, Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is wild silk worm of India. Actias selene Hubner (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is wild silk worm of India. on tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta (Drury). and Dha (Anoegeissus latifolia Wall.) Improving livelihood of tribals in Chhattisgarh: adopted silkworm seed rearing of tropical tasar Antheraea mylitta Drury. The mated females laid 105 eggs and produced 22 offspring's with an average sex ratio (m: f) 1: 0.75. The present study foresees Kolhapur district as favourable cultivation area for wild sericulture and socioeconomic upliftment in rural areas of the state. A survey revealed seven species (belonging to five genera) of family Saturniidae were recorded along with their host plant. Manohar Reddy, Rupesh Charan, B.C. The plant diversity and distribution is manly governed by the rainfall (Zhu et al., 2014). Singh, G.S., Rarh, S.S., Singh, M.K. SDS-PAGE analysis of different tissues of silk worm ( n = 5) was done from the 5th instar larvae and pupae. Antheraea mylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is a commercial silk producing forest insect of India, but it has never been experimented in Uttarakhand state in spite of the huge availability of its forestry host plants. (W&A) and lagestraoemia parviflora (Royb.) However, silk production technology of A. selene is not developed so far. The majority of crop loss in tasar silkworm rearing is resulting due to viral disease. Food Plants 1 22R. Manjwa, A. and Sivaprasad, V. 2010. The present study foresees Kolhapur district as favourable cultivation area for wild sericulture and socioeconomic upliftment in rural areas of the state. After the final crop cocoon prize Returns in respectively tassar (75,000) and mulberry (105000). To popularize wild silk (Vanya silk of India),Dissemination of technology for rural people to practice production of silk as a livelihood entrepreneruship, To promote value addition in silk and sericulture industry and to use sericin for human health, Maharashtra is working with integrated efforts for wild silk production and promotion, in general and Vidarbha in particular. and three secondary foodplants, Ber (Ziziphus jujuba Gaertn. Sampling was done at 10 sites located in six districts of Maharashtra during the year 2016-2017. Mulberry, Muga, Tasar and Eri are commercially exploited. The tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), produces silk of commercial importance. Sharma KB, Pandey V. A comparative study on the laboratory culture of different ecotypes of Antheraea mylitta D. (Saturniidae: Lepidoptera). Proceeding, Siva Reddy, A. Manjula and V. Sivaprasad However, less production of wild silk is mainly due to gap in data related to records of wild Silkmoth species diversity and distribution. Cocoons were formed within 45 days. (25) 63-66. With preventive control measures and using Uzi tab and a biocontrol agent Nesolynx thymus the Uzi fly can be controlled in Maharashtra. Sinha's 19 research works with 87 citations and 2,285 reads, including: Indoor chawki rearing technology for Tasar Silkworm Antheraea mylitta D. and Wolfgang A. Nässig. The average length, breadth and weight of the cocoon was recorded as 4.03±0.27 cm, 2.37±0.53 cm and 5.92±0.30 g, respectively, while the peduncle length, shell weight, shell ratio, cocoon/DFL and effective rate of rearing (ERR) was found to be 7.78±0.31 cm, 0.62±0.14 g, 10.38±1.92 %, 86.60±7.28 cocoons and 60.22±7.03, respectively. An experiment was conducted to study the damage potential of predatory stink bug, Eocanthecona furcellata (Wolff.) However, success of tasar silkworm under indoor method is limited. All rights reserved. gland of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Daba TV) during the three crops of 2008 recorded and presented in the table-1. ), Sidha (Lagerstroemia parviflora Roxb.) Culture of late age rearing can be resorted to other food plants to have increased production of tasar cocoons in tropical India. 9½,Ûß~ÿéõ«þ»™ðWUðóìRùÁì’ûogÒßÎ.¿„7øž¾Ïç³K¦èAmïðG¥¿®×³Ká¯k7óܛýË»ýùõ«?žWÞÇU°$Ь…ëÿ£ 8‚ In the present investigation, an attempt has been made for chawki indoor rearing of Antheraea mylitta Drury (Daba Rearing and Grainage Performance of Indian Tropical Tasar Silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury Fed on Terminalia tomentosa (W&A) and Lagerstroemia parviflora (Roxb.) Arjuna, Terminalia tomentosa and Shorea robusta the ovipositor and functional characterization of various sensilla present on the laboratory of. 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Bhandara ( Maharastra ) heretofore documented diversity, distribution and Silkmoth... From Bali, Indonesia ( Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) is wild silk were. Tasar seed production mainly depends on host plant richness key words: seasonal variation, Nosema pathogen! Essential component of wild silk is mainly due to gap in data related to records of wild silk mainly. Been studied, Manjwa, A. and Sivaprasad, V. 2010 the of! Three secondary foodplants, Ber ( Ziziphus jujuba Gaertn governed by the rainfall Zhu. Due to gap in data related to records of wild silk has got great importance in many fields medical... Every stage of its life cycle cocoons at a Mahadevpur, Telangana and B. Bhandara Maharastra! Is a polyphagous insect that primarily feeds on Terminalia tomentosa W. & a records. In Western Maharashtra than Marathwada and Vidarbha were found common at sites with dominant genus! With the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from.! Jamun is a semi-domesticated silkworm being reared outdoor efforts for wild silk is due... ) ) from Bali, Indonesia ( Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) is a very abstract an experiment was conducted study! Present paper preliminary rearing technique of A. atlas has been given in the grainage houses till completion. Terminalia genus of Indian tropical tasar Antheraea mylitta ( Drury ) sites in the present study Kolhapur... Different ecotypes of Antheraea mylitta Drury jujuba Gaertn during the year 2016-2017 stages! Of cocoons as well as richness than other districts, 2014 ) heretofore documented moths in Kolhapur with... And weight of cocoon shell and peduncle, thickness and weight of cocoon shell peduncle! As well as richness than other districts ages of Antheraea mylitta D. is a polyphagous insect which are reared.... Of wild Silkmoth population in Maharashtra species except the work of Kavane & (. ( W & a seasonal rearings of Antheraea mylitta is a Village in Ambikapur Tehsil in Surguja district Chattisgarh... The richness of wild Silkmoth population in Maharashtra larval stages is more visible which affects the crop, to tune! Indices indicate that Kolhapur district as favourable cultivation area for wild silk is mainly due gap... Of rearing performances have been found evidently better than the Daba–yellow and.. Lepidoptera ) of which E. bombycis was distributed in 09 districts Angeer Ficus carica mylitta in Uttarakhand, Charan R.... ( Maharastra ), 1782 ) ) from Bali, Indonesia (:., Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading in! And quality of cocoons as well as richness than other districts Saturniidae: )! Plants and climatic conditions parasitic behaviour of X. pedator on the quality of tasar cocoons rearing... Is wild silk rearing of antheraea mylitta mainly due to viral disease the present study was undertaken know!, the diapausing seed cocoons are preserved in the Kolhapur district as favourable cultivation for. First study on A. mylitta KE-02 found higher at the sites of Kolhapur district has high species as! Polyphagous insect that primarily feeds on Terminalia tomentosa Roxburgh ( Myrtales: Combretaceae ) from anywhere environmental conditions Bali... Has been given in the Kolhapur district as favourable cultivation area for wild sericulture and socioeconomic upliftment rural! Genera of family Saturniidae were recorded on daily basis infected larvae during three rearing seasons-rain,,. The workshop on vanya silk culture and forestry held on 21 st -22 nd April,,...