These philosophers are among the most prominent in their field, and information about each well-known philosopher from Germany is included when available. His problem, then, was how to live a positive life considering that if you believe in God, you give in to dishonesty and cruel beliefs (e.g. Books from the group, like Adorno’s and Horkheimer’s Dialectic of Enlightenment and Adorno’s Negative Dialectics, critiqued what they saw as the failure of the Enlightenment project and the problems of modernity. And here the master’s claim was viewed as paradox, at best; the Prussian regime indeed provided extensive civil and social services, good universities, high employment and some industrialization, but it was ranked as rather backward politically compared with the more liberal constitutional monarchies of France and Britain. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German philosophers then this list is … List of famous Germans of philosophy features Albert Einstein, Karl Marx and more. To be sure, almost the whole of German phi-losophy in … [citation needed] They can also be compared to the corpuscles of the Mechanical Philosophy of René Descartes and others. It was then transformed by Martin Heidegger (1889–1976), whose famous book Being and Time (1927) applied phenomenology to ontology, and who, along with Ludwig Wittgenstein, is considered one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century. It developed out of the work of Immanuel Kant in the 1780s and 1790s,[6] and was closely linked both with Romanticism and the revolutionary politics of the Enlightenment. The most prominent German idealists in the movement, besides Kant, were Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814), Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775–1854) and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770–1831) who was the predominant figure in nineteenth century German philosophy, and the proponents of Jena Romanticism; Friedrich Hölderlin (1770–1843), Novalis (1772–1801), and Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel (1772–1829). History Of Philosophy It is very hard, if not impossible, to say who the first philosophers were or when informal philosophizing first occurred. The Right Hegelians followed the master in believing that the dialectic of history had come to an end—Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit reveals itself to be the culmination of history as the reader reaches its end. history of German mathematics, which obviously exists only as a dependent part of world mathematics. The most prominent German idealists in the movement, besides Kant, were Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814), Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775–1854) and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel(1770–1831) who was the predomina… In effect, apparent flaws that can be identified in this world must exist in every possible world, because otherwise God would have chosen to create the world that excluded those flaws. His views continue to influence contemporary philosophy. Famous Role Models We'd Like to Meet In Person, People Who Most Deserve Biopics (But Don't Have One Yet). The group considered themselves logical positivists because they believed all knowledge is either derived through experience or arrived at through analytic statements, and they adopted the predicate logic of Frege, as well as the early work of Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951) as foundations to their work. Monads are to the metaphysical realm what atoms are to the physical/phenomenal. The Young Hegelians who were unpopular because of their radical views on religion and society. His Eternal Return theory stated that the universe recurs and will continue to recur in a similar form an infinite number of times. There are, of course, many more. Hermeneutics is the philosophical theory and practice of interpretation and understanding. Kant has had a major influence on prominent philosophers like Hegel, Schelling, Reinhold, and Fichte. These prominent philosophers of Germany may or may not be currently alive, but what they all have in common is that they're all respected German philosophers. This also leads Mainländer to the philosophical position of pluralism. [7] August Ludwig Hülsen, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, Gottlob Ernst Schulze, Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Salomon Maimon, Friedrich Schleiermacher, and Arthur Schopenhauer also made major contributions. Additionally, Mainländer accentuates on the idea of salvation for all of creation. They included Ludwig Feuerbach (1804–72), David Strauss (1808–74), Bruno Bauer (1809–82) and Max Stirner (1806–56) among their ranks. Here he meant that reason and freedom had reached their maximums as they were embodied by the existing Prussian state. Each one, however, satisfies at least one of the following criteria: Behind Einstein's Disastrous First Marriage To Physicist Mileva Marić, Oddball Facts About Albert Einstein's Eccentricity. This was the beginning of analytic philosophy. Philosophy really took off, though, with Socrates and Plato in the 5th - 4th Century B.C. Marxism became one of the major forces on twentieth century world history. Schopenhauer's most influential work, The World as Will and Representation (1818), claimed that the world is fundamentally what we recognize in ourselves as our will. Many are categorized as German philosophers or Austrian philosophers, but some are neither German nor Austrian by ethnicity or nationality. Heidegger himself is often identified as an existentialist, though he would have rejected this. His some theorems earned many enemies. In continental philosophy: German idealism and the defense of reason. With Schopenhauer, the silencing of the will is a rare event. Wittgenstein did not agree with their interpretation of his philosophy. The work of Leibniz also anticipated modern logic and analytic philosophy, but his philosophy also looks back to the scholastic tradition, in which conclusions are produced by applying reason to first principles or a priori definitions rather than to empirical evidence. By 1933 (after the rise of Nazism), the various neo-Kantian circles in Germany had dispersed.[17]. If you're trying to find out the names of famous German philosophers then this list is the perfect resource for you. German Philosophers List of famous German philosophers with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history. In the late 19th century, the predicate logic of Gottlob Frege (1848–1925) overthrew Aristotelian logic (the dominant logic since its inception in Ancient Greece). Søren Kierkegaard (a Danish philosopher) is frequently included in surveys of German (or Germanic) philosophy due to his extensive engagement with German thinkers.[1][2][3][4]. German idealism was a philosophical movement that emerged in Germany in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. One of the more modern philosophers, Immanuel Kant was a German born thinker. What we observe as will is all there is to observe, nothing more. He was born on May 5, 1818, and studied philosophy, law and history at the Universities of Bonn and Berlin. There are no hidden aspects. 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